What Are the 45 Trademark Classes and What Do They Cover?

There are 45 trademark classes in total, divided into 34 classes for goods and 11 classes for services. Each class has a number and a description of the type of goods or services it covers.

In this blog post, we will explain what each trademark class covers and give you some examples of goods or services that belong to each class. This will help you to select the best class or classes for your trademark application.

a library with rows of books on either side

If you want to register a trademark for your business, product, or service, you need to know which trademark class or classes to choose. Trademark classes are categories of goods or services that you can register your trademark for. They help the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) to organize and classify trademarks, assess fees, and avoid confusion between similar marks.

There are 45 trademark classes in total, divided into 34 classes for goods and 11 classes for services. Each class has a number and a description of the type of goods or services it covers.

In this blog post, we will explain what each trademark class covers and give you some examples of goods or services that belong to each class. This will help you to select the best class or classes for your trademark application.

Trademark Classes for Goods

Classes 1-34 are for goods, which are tangible products that you can sell or offer to consumers. Here are the descriptions and examples of each class:

Class 1: Chemicals

This class covers chemicals used in industry, science, agriculture, horticulture, forestry, photography, as well as unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics, manures, fire extinguishing compositions, tempering and soldering preparations, chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs, tanning substances, adhesives used in industry. Examples: fertilizers, detergents, glue, bleach, ink.

Class 2: Paints

This class covers paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; colorants; mordants; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for painters, decorators, printers and artists. Examples: paint brushes, spray paint, dyes, pigments.

Class 3: Cosmetics and Cleaning Preparations

This class covers bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions; dentifrices. Examples: shampoo, toothpaste, perfume, makeup.

Class 4: Lubricants and Fuels

This class covers industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels (including motor spirit) and illuminants; candles and wicks for lighting. Examples: gasoline, diesel oil, candles, wax.

Class 5: Pharmaceuticals

This class covers pharmaceuticals and veterinary preparations; sanitary preparations for medical purposes; dietetic substances adapted for medical use, food for babies; plasters, materials for dressings; material for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparations for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides. Examples: vitamins, antibiotics, bandages, vaccines.

Class 6: Metal Goods

This class covers common metals and their alloys; metal building materials; transportable buildings of metal; materials of metal for railway tracks; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; ironmongery, small items of metal hardware; pipes and tubes of metal; safes; goods of common metal not included in other classes; ores. Examples: nails, screws, bolts, keys, locks.

Class 7: Machinery

This class covers machines and machine tools; motors and engines (except for land vehicles); machine coupling and transmission components (except for land vehicles); agricultural implements other than hand-operated; incubators for eggs. Examples: drills, saws, tractors, generators.

Class 8: Hand Tools

This class covers hand tools and implements (hand-operated); cutlery; side arms; razors. Examples: hammers, knives, scissors, swords.

Class 9: Electrical and Scientific Apparatus

This class covers scientific, nautical, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, checking (supervision), life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; automatic vending machines and mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment and computers; fire-extinguishing apparatus. Examples: cameras, computers, smartphones, watches, downloadable mobile applications.

Class 10: Medical Apparatus

This class covers surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments; artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; orthopedic articles; suture materials. Examples: stethoscopes, dentures, wheelchairs, syringes.

Class 11: Environmental Control Apparatus

This class covers apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes. Examples: lamps, ovens, fans, air conditioners, faucets.

Class 12: Vehicles

This class covers vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water. Examples: cars, bicycles, boats, planes.

Class 13: Firearms

This class covers firearms; ammunition and projectiles; explosives; fireworks. Examples: guns, bullets, dynamite, rockets.

Class 14: Jewelry

This class covers precious metals and their alloys and goods in precious metals or coated therewith, not included in other classes; jewelry, precious stones; horological and chronometric instruments. Examples: rings, necklaces, earrings, watches.

Class 15: Musical Instruments

This class covers musical instruments. Examples: guitars, pianos, drums, violins.

Class 16: Paper Goods and Printed Matter

This class covers paper, cardboard and goods made from these materials, not included in other classes; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; artists’ materials; paint brushes; typewriters and office requisites (except furniture); instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); plastic materials for packaging (not included in other classes); printers’ type; printing blocks. Examples: books, newspapers, magazines, envelopes, stickers, pencils, pens.

Class 17: Rubber Goods

This class covers rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and goods made from these materials and not included in other classes; plastics in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing, stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes, not of metal. Examples: hoses, gaskets, seals, gloves.

Class 18: Leather Goods

This class covers leather and imitations of leather, and goods made of these materials and not included in other classes; animal skins, hides; trunks and travelling bags; umbrellas and parasols; walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery. Examples: wallets, belts, bags, shoes.

Class 19: Non-metallic Building Materials

This class covers building materials (non-metallic); non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch and bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; monuments, not of metal. Examples: bricks, tiles, cement, wood.

Class 20: Furniture

This class covers furniture, mirrors, picture frames; goods (not included in other classes) of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastics. Examples: chairs, tables, beds, cabinets.

Class 21: Housewares and Glass

This class covers household or kitchen utensils and containers (not of precious metal or coated therewith); combs and sponges; brushes (except paint brushes); brush-making materials; articles for cleaning purposes; steelwool; unworked or semi-worked glass (except glass used in building); glassware, porcelain and earthenware not included in other classes. Examples: dishes, cups, pots, pans.

Class 22: Cordage and Fibers

This class covers ropes, string, nets, tents, awnings, tarpaulins, sails, sacks and bags (not included in other classes); padding and stuffing materials (except of rubber or plastics); raw fibrous textile materials. Examples: yarn, thread, cotton, wool.

Class 23: Yarns and Threads

This class covers yarns and threads for textile use. Examples: silk yarns, nylon threads.

Class 24: Fabrics

This class covers textiles and textile goods not included in other classes; bed and table covers. Examples: blankets, sheets, curtains, cloths.

Class 25: Clothing

This class covers clothing footwear headgear. Examples: shirts, pants, shoes, hats.

Class 26: Fancy Goods

This class covers lace and embroidery ribbons and braid buttons hooks and eyes pins and needles artificial flowers. Examples: badges, zippers, brooches, hair clips.

Class 27: Floor Coverings

This class covers carpets rugs mats linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors wall hangings non-textile. Examples: doormats, wallpaper, tiles.

Class 28: Toys and Sporting Goods

This class covers games and playthings; gymnastic and sporting articles not included in other classes; decorations for Christmas trees. Examples: dolls, puzzles, balls, skis, ornaments.

Class 29: Meats and Processed Foods

This class covers meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, compotes; eggs, milk and milk products; edible oils and fats. Examples: bacon, salmon, chicken, soup, yogurt, cheese, butter.

Class 30: Staple Foods

This class covers coffee, tea, cocoa and artificial coffee; rice; tapioca and sago; flour and preparations made from cereals; bread, pastry and confectionery; ices; sugar, honey, treacle; yeast, baking-powder; salt; mustard; vinegar, sauces (condiments); spices; ice. Examples: coffee beans, tea bags, chocolate bars, pasta, cookies, ice cream, sugar cubes.

Class 31: Natural Agricultural Products

This class covers grains and agricultural, horticultural and forestry products not included in other classes; live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables; seeds, natural plants and flowers; foodstuffs for animals, malt. Examples: wheat, corn, cows, apples, carrots, sunflower seeds, roses, dog food, beer malt.

Class 32: Light Beverages

This class covers beers; mineral and aerated waters and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages. Examples: lager, soda, lemonade, orange juice, cola syrup.

Class 33: Wines and Spirits

This class covers alcoholic beverages (except beers). Examples: wine, whiskey, vodka, champagne.

Class 34: Smokers’ Articles

This class covers tobacco; smokers’ articles; matches. Examples: cigarettes, pipes, lighters.

Trademark Classes for Services

Classes 35-45 are for services, which are intangible activities that you can perform or offer to consumers. Here are the descriptions and examples of each class:

Class 35: Advertising and Business Services

This class covers advertising; business management; business administration; office functions. Examples: marketing, accounting, consulting, data entry.

Class 36: Insurance and Financial Services

This class covers insurance; financial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate affairs. Examples: banking, investing, lending, renting.

Class 37: Building Construction and Repair Services

This class covers building construction; repair; installation services. Examples: carpentry, plumbing, painting, roofing.

Class 38: Telecommunications Services

This class covers telecommunications. Examples: phone services, internet services, radio broadcasting, TV broadcasting.

Class 39: Transportation and Storage Services

This class covers transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement. Examples: taxi services, moving services, warehousing services, travel agency services.

Class 40: Treatment of Materials Services

This class covers treatment of materials. Examples: recycling services, printing services, dyeing services, metalworking services.

Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services

This class covers education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities. Examples: school services, coaching services, music concerts, sports events.

Class 42: Computer and Scientific Services

This class covers scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto; industrial analysis and research services; design and development of computer hardware and software. Examples: engineering services, laboratory services, web design services, software development services.

Class 43: Restaurants and Hotels Services

This class covers services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation. Examples: restaurant services, catering services, hotel services, bed and breakfast services.

Class 44: Medical and Beauty Services

This class covers medical services; veterinary services; hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture and forestry services. Examples: doctor services, dentist services, hair salon services, spa services.

Class 45: Personal and Social Services

This class covers legal services; security services for the protection of property and individuals; personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals. Examples: lawyer services, guardian services, dating services, funeral services.

Conclusion

We hope this blog post has helped you to understand what the 45 trademark classes are and what they cover. By choosing the right class or classes for your trademark application, you can ensure that you have the best protection for your brand and avoid potential conflicts with other trademarks.

However, keep in mind that trademark law is complex and dynamic, and every case is unique. Therefore, it’s always advisable to consult a trademark attorney or agent before filing your application. We can help you avoid common pitfalls and mistakes, and guide you through the entire process from start to finish.

If you have any questions about trademark classes or about filing a trademark, please feel free to contact us. We hope you found this information helpful and useful. Thank you for reading!